A serum albumin blood test is a laboratory test that measures the level of albumin in the blood. Albumin is a type of protein that is produced by the liver and is responsible for maintaining the proper balance of fluid in the body. It is also involved in the transport of nutrients, hormones, and other substances throughout the body.
The serum albumin blood test is typically ordered as part of a comprehensive metabolic panel or liver panel to assess liver function and to help diagnose and monitor various medical conditions. A low level of albumin in the blood (hypoalbuminemia) may indicate a problem with the liver or other organs, such as the kidneys or pancreas, while a high level of albumin (hyperalbuminemia) may be a sign of dehydration or malnutrition.
The test is usually performed on a sample of blood that is drawn from a vein in the arm.
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